Species C-D - HAMPSTEAD HEATH - 2016***

Hampstead
Heath
2017
Go to content

Main menu:

Species C-D

Adria Bellflower Campanula portenschlagiana

Adria Bellflower Campanula portenschlagiana

Agrimony Agrimonia eupatoria

Alder Alnus glutinosa

Alder Buckthorn Frangula alnus

Alexanders Smyrnium olusatrum

Allium sp Allium triquetrum

Almond Prunus dulcis

Almond Willow Salix triandra

Alpine Squill Scilla bifolia

American Willowherb Epilobium ciliatum

Amphibious Bistort Persicaria amphibia

Annual Meadow-grass Poa annua

Annual Mercury Mercurialis annua

Annual Pearlwort Sagina apetala

Apple Malus sp

Ash Fraxinus excelsior

Aspen Populus tremula

Autumn Crocus Crocus nudiflorus

'Autumn Joy' Sedum spectabile x telephium 'Herbstfreude'

Autumnal Hawkbit Leontodon autumnalis

Balkan Maple Acer hyrcanum

Balm Melissa officinalis

Bamboo Pseudosasa japonica (or similar)

Barberry Berberis sp

Barren Brome Anisantha sterilis

Bay Laurus nobilis

Bay Willow Salix pentandra

Beaked Hawk's-beard Crepis vesicaria

Bearded Iris Iris germanica

Bear's-breeches Acanthus mollis

Beech Fagus sylvatica

Bell Heather Erica cinerea

Betony Stachys officinalis

Bird Cherry Prunus padus

Bird's-foot Ornithopus perpusillus

Bittersweet Solanum dulcamara

Black Bent Agrostis gigantea

Black Currant Ribes nigrum

Black Horehound Ballota nigra

Black Medick Medicago lupulina

Black Mustard Brassica nigra

Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum

Black Poplar Populus nigra (sens. lat.)

Black-bindweed Fallopia convolvulus

Blackthorn Prunus spinosa (sometimes impure)

Bladder-senna Colutea arborescens

Bloody Crane's-bill Geranium sanguineum

Bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scripta

Bog Stitchwort Stellaria uliginosa

Bogbean Menyanthes trifoliata

Bog-myrtle Myrica gale

Box Buxus sempervirens

Bracken Pteridium aquilinum

Brambles Rubus fruticosus agg.

Branched Bur-reed Sparganium erectum

Bread Wheat Triticum aestivum

Bristle Club-rush Isolepis setacea

(Bristle-grass) Setaria sp

Bristly Oxtongue Picris echioides

Broad Buckler-fern Dryopteris dilatata

Broad-leaved Cockspurthorn Crataegus persimilis

Broad-leaved Dock Rumex obtusifolius

Broad-leaved Pondweed Potamogeton natans

Broad-leaved Willowherb Epilobium montanum

Brooklime Veronica beccabunga

Broom Cytisus scoparius

Buck's-horn Plantain Plantago coronopus

Buckthorn Rhamnus cathartica

Buckwheat Fagopyrum esculentum

Bugle Ajuga reptans

Bulbous Buttercup Ranunculus bulbosus

Bulbous Rush Juncus bulbosus

Bullwort Ammi majus

Bulrush Typha latifolia

Bur Chervil Anthriscus caucalis

Bush Vetch Vicia sepium

'Busy Lizzie' Impatiens sp

Butcher's-broom Ruscus aculeatus

Butterbur Petasites hybridus

Butterfly-bush Buddleia davidii

California Brome Ceratochloa carinata

Canadian Fleabane Conyza canadensis

Canadian Goldenrod Solidago canadensis

Canary-grass Phalaris canariensis

Caper Spurge Euphorbia lathyris

Cappadocian Maple Acer cappadocicum

Carrot Daucus carota

Cat's-ear Hypochaeris radicata

Caucasian Lime Tilia x euchlora

Celery-leaved Buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus

Charlock Sinapis arvensis

Cherry Laurel Prunus laurocerasus

Cherry Plum Prunus cerasifera ( * as var. pissardii)

Chicory Cichorium intybus

Chives Allium schoenoprasum

Cleavers Galium aparine

Clustered Dock Rumex conglomeratus

Coastal Redwood Sequoia sempervirens

Cock's Foot Dactylis glomerata

Cockspur Echinochloa crus-galli

Colt's-foot Tussilago farfara

Columbine Aquilegia sp

Common Amaranth Amaranthus retroflexus

Common Arache Atriplex patula

Common Bent Agrostis capillaris

Common Bird's-foot-trefoil Lotus corniculatus

Common Bistort Persicaria bistorta

Common Centaury Centaurium erythraea

Common Chickweed Stellaria media

Common Cornsalad Valerianella locusta

Common Couch Elytrigia repens

Common Cudweed Filago vulgaris

Common Dog-violet Viola riviniana

Common Duckweed Lemna minor

Common Field-speedwell Veronica persica

Common Figwort Scrophularia nodosa

Common Fleabane Pulicaria dysenterica

Common Hempnettle Galeopsis tetrahit

Common Knapweed Centaurea nigra

Common Mallow Malva sylvestris

Common Michaelmas-daisy Aster x salignus (or similar)

Common Mouse-ear Cerastium fontanum

Common Nettle Urtica dioica

Common Ragwort Senecio jacobaea

Common Reed Phragmites australis

Common Sedge Carex nigra

Common Sorrel Rumex acetosa

Common Spotted-orchid Dactylorhiza fuchsii

Common Storksbill Erodium cicutarium

Common Toadflax Linaria vulgaris

Common Vetch Vicia sativa (probably all ssp segetalis)

Common Water-starwort Callitriche stagnalis

Common Whitebeam Sorbus aria

Compact Rush Juncus conglomeratus

Cotoneaster Cotoneaster sp

Cotton Thistle Onopordum acanthium

Cow Parsley Anthriscus sylvestris

Cowslip Primula veris

Crab Apple Malus sylvestris

Crack-willow Salix fragilis

Creeping Bent Agrostis stolonifera

Creeping Buttercup Ranunculus repens

Creeping Cinquefoil Potentilla reptans

Creeping Comfrey Symphytum grandiflorum

Creeping Soft-grass Holcus mollis

Creeping Thistle Cirsium arvense

Creeping Willow Salix repens

Creeping Yellow-cress Rorippa sylvestris

Creeping-Jenny Lysimachia nummularia

Crested Dog's-tail Cynosurus cristatus

Cross-leaved Heath Erica tetralix

Cuckooflower Cardamine pratensis

Curled Dock Rumex crispus

Curled Pondweed Potamogeton crispus

Cut-leaved Crane's-bill Geranium dissectum

Daffodil Narcissus pseudonarcissus

(Daffodil) Narcissus sp

Daisy Bellis perennis

Dandelion Taraxacum officinale agg

Dawn Redwood Metasequoia glyptostroboides

Deodar Cedrus deodara

Devil's-bit Scabious Succisa pratensis

(Dissected-leaved Bramble) Rubus laciniatus

Dog-rose Rosa canina

Dog's Mercury Mercurialis perennis

Dogwood Cornus sanguinea

Dotted Loosestrife Lysimachia punctata

Douglas Fir Pseudotsuga menziesii

Dove's-foot Crane's-bill Geranium molle

Downy Birch Betula pubescens

Dragon Arum Dracunculus vulgaris

Druce's Crane's-bill Geranium x oxonianum

Duckweed Lemna sp

Dusky Crane's-bill Geranium phaeum

Dwarf Gorse Ulex minor

Early Crocus Crocus tommasinianus

Early Dog-violet Viola reichenbachiana

Early Hair-grass Aira praecox

Eastern Balsam-poplar Populus balsamifera

Elder Sambucus nigra

Elephant Ears Bergenia crassifolia

Elm Ulmus sp

Enchanter's Nightshade Circaea lutetiana

Equal-leaved Knotgrass Polygonum arenastrum

European Larch Larix decidua

Evening Primrose Oenothera Spp

Evergreen Oak Quercus ilex

Evergreen Spindle Euonymus japonicus

False Brome Brachypodium sylvaticum

False oat-grass Arrhenatherum elatius

False-acacia Robinia pseudoacacia

Fat-hen Chenopodium album

Feverfew Tanacetum parthenium

Few-flowered Garlic Allium paradoxum

Field Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis

Field Forget-me-not Myosotis arvensis

Field Horsetail Equisetum arvense

Field Maple Acer campestre

Field Penny-cress Thlaspi arvense

Field Wood-rush Luzula campestris

Fig Ficus carica

Fine-leaved Sheep's-fescue Festuca filiformis (tenuifolia)

Firethorn Pyracantha coccinea

Flax Linum usitatissimum

Floating Sweet-grass Glyceria fluitans

Flowering Currant Ribes sanguineum

Fool's Parsley Aethusa cynapium

Fool's-water-cress Apium nodiflorum

Forsythia Forsythia x intermedia

Fox-and-cubs Pilosella aurantiaca

Foxglove Digitalis purpurea

Fringecups Tellima grandiflora

Fringed Water-lily Nymphoides peltata

Fritillary Fritillaria meleagris

Garden Asparagus Asparagus officinalis ssp officinalis

Garden Honeysuckle Lonicera x italica

Garden Lobelia Lobelia erinus

Garden Privet Ligustrum ovalifolium

Garden Radish Raphanus sativus

Garden Rocket Eruca vesicaria

Garden Strawberry Fragaria x ananassa

Garden Tree-mallow Lavatera thuringiaca

Garlic Mustard ( Jack-by-the-hedge) Alliaria petiolata

Germander Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys

Giant Fescue Festuca gigantea

Giant Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum

Goat Willow Salix caprea

Goat's-beard Tragopogon pratensis

Goat's-rue Galega officinalis

Goldilocks Buttercup Ranunculus auricomus

Gooseberry Ribes uva-crispa

Gorse Ulex europaeus

Grape-hyacinth Muscari sp

Grass Vetchling Lathyrus nissolia

Great Horsetail Equisetum telmateia

Great Lettuce Lactuca virosa

Great Mullein Verbascum thapsus

Great Willowherb Epilobium hirsutum

Greater Bird's-foot-trefoil Lotus pedunculatus

Greater Burdock Arctium lappa

Greater Celandine Chelidonium majus

Greater Periwinkle Vinca major

Greater Plantain Plantago major

Greater Spearwort Ranunculus lingua

Greek dock Rumex cristatus

Green Alkanet Pentaglossis sempervirens

Green Field-speedwell Veronica agrestis

Grey Alder Alnus incana

Grey Poplar Populus x canescens

Grey Sedge Carex divulsa

Grey Willow Salix cinerea

Ground Elder Aegopodium podagraria

Ground-ivy Glechoma hederacea

Groundsel Senecio vulgaris

Guelder-rose Viburnum opulus

Guernsey Fleabane Conyza sumatrensis

Gypsywort Lycopus europaeus

Hairy Bitter-cress Cardamine hirsuta

Hairy Buttercup Ranunculus sardous

Hairy Sedge Carex hirta

Hairy Tare Vicia hirsuta

Hard Rush Juncus inflexus

Hard-fern Blechnum spicant

Harebell Campanula rotundifolia

Hare's-foot Clover Trifolium arvense

Hart's-tongue Phyllitis scolopendrium

Hawkweed Hieracium sp

Hawkweed (sect. Tridentata) Hieracium trichocaulon

Hawkweed (sect. Vulgata) Hieracium maculatum

Hawkweed Oxtongue Picris hieracioides

Hawthorn Crataegus monogyna

Hazel Corylus avellana

Heath Bedstraw Galium saxatile

Heath Groundsel Senecio sylvaticus

Heath Rush Juncus squarrosus

Heath Wood-rush Luzula multiflora

Heather Calluna vulgaris

Heath-grass Danthonia decumbens

Hedge Bedstraw Galium mollugo

Hedge Bindweed Calystegia sepium

Hedge Mustard Sisymbrium officinale

Hedge Veronica Hebe sp

Hedge Woundwort Stachys sylvatica

Hedgerow Crane's-bill Geranium pyrenaicum

Hemlock Conium maculatum

Hemlock Water-dropwort Oenanthe crocata

Hemp Cannabis sativa

Herb-Robert Geranium robertianum

Highclere Holly Ilex x altaclerensis

Himalayan Honeysuckle Leycesteria formosa

Hoary Cress Lepidium draba

Hoary Mustard Hirschfeldia incana

Hoary Ragwort Senecio erucifolius

Hoary Willowherb Epilobium parviflorum

Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium

Holly Ilex aquifolium

Hollyhock Alcea rosea

Honesty Lunaria annua

Honey Garlic Nectaroscordum siculum

Honeysuckle Lonicera periclymenum

Hop Humulus lupulus

Hop Trefoil Trifolium campestre

Hornbeam Carpinus betulus

Horse-chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum

Horse-radish Armoracia rusticana

Huntingdon Elm Ulmus x vegeta

Hyacinth Hyacinthus orientalis

Hybrid Black Poplar Populus x canadensis 'Serotina'

Hybrid Bluebell Hyacinthoides non-scripta x hispanica

Hybrid Fescue x Festulolium loliaceum

Hybrid Gorse Ulex sp

Hybrid Hawthorn Crataegus x media (macrocarpa)

Hybrid Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum x sphondylium

Indian Balsam Impatiens glandulifera

Indian Bean Tree Catalpa bignonioides

Irish Ivy Hedera 'Hibernica'

Italian Alder Alnus cordata

Italian Lords-and-Ladies Arum italicum

Ivy Hedera helix

Ivy-leaved Speedwell Veronica hederifolia

Ivy-leaved Toadflax Cymbalaria muralis

Japanese Knotgrass Fallopia japonica

Japanese Rose Rosa rugosa

Jointed Rush Juncus articulatus

Juneberry Amelanchier lamarckii

Kerria Kerria japonica

Knotgrass Polygonum aviculare

Laburnum Laburnum anagyroides

Lady-fern Athyrium filix-femina

Lady's Bedstraw Galium verum

Large Bindweed Calystegia silvatica

Large-leaved Lime Tilia platyphyllos

Laurustinus Viburnum tinus

Lawson's Cypress Chamaecyparis lawsoniana

Least Duckweed Lemna minuta

Leek Allium porrum

Lesser Burdock Arctium minus

Lesser Celandine Ranunculus ficaria

Lesser Knotweed Persicaria campanulata

Lesser Periwinkle Vinca minor

Lesser Spearwort Ranunculus flammula

Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea

Lesser Swine-cress Coronopus didymus

Lesser Trefoil Trifolium dubium

Leyland Cypress x Cupressocyparis leylandii

Lilac Syringa vulgaris

Lily-of-the-valley Convallaria majalis

Lime Tilia x europaea (vulgaris)

(Lime) Tilia sp

Lombardy-poplar Populus nigra 'Italica'

London Bur-marigold Bidens connata

London Plane Platanus x hispanica

Londonpride Saxifraga x urbium

Loquat Tree Eriobotrya japonica

Lords-and-Ladies Arum maculatum

Lucerne Medicago sativa ssp sativa

Lucombe Oak Quercus x crenata (cerris x suber)

Lungwort Pulmonaria offinalis

(Magnolia) Magnolia sp

Male-fern Dryopteris filix-mas

Manna Ash Fraxinus ornus

Many-leaved Hawkweed Hieracium sabaudum

Many-seeded Goosefoot Chenopodium polyspermum

Marsh Bedstraw Galium palustre

Marsh Cinquefoil Potentilla palustris

Marsh Cudweed Gnaphalium uliginosum

Marsh Foxtail Alopecurus geniculatus

Marsh Pennywort Hydrocotyle vulgaris

Marsh Thistle Cirsium palustre

Marsh Woundwort Stachys palustris

Marsh-marigold Caltha palustris

Meadow Barley Hordeum secalinum

Meadow Brome Bromus commutatus

Meadow Buttercup Ranunculus acris

Meadow Crane's-bill Geranium pratense

Meadow Foxtail Alopecurus pratensis

Meadow Saffron Colchicum autumnale

Meadow Vetchling Lathyrus pratensis

Meadowsweet Filipendula ulmaria

Midland Hawthorn Crataegus laevigata

(Mint) Mentha sp

Mock-orange Philadelphus sp

Montbretia Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

Mouse-ear Hawkweed Pilosella officinarum

Mugwort Artemisia vulgaris

Musk-mallow Malva moschata

Narrow Buckler-fern Dryopteris carthusiana

Nettle-leaved Bellflower Campanula trachelium

New Zealand Pigmyweed Crassula helmsii

Niger Guizotia abyssinica

Nipplewort Lapsana communis

Nodding Bur-marigold Bidens cernua

Norway Maple Acer platanoides

Oak Quercus sp

Orange Day-lily Hemerocallis fulva

Orange-ball-tree Buddleia globosa

Orange-fruited Whitebeam Sorbus croceocarpa

Oregon Maple Acer macrophyllum

Oregon-grape Mahonia aquifolium

Oriental Plane Platanus orientalis

Osier Salix viminalis

Osoberry Oemleria cerasiformis

Ostrich Fern Matteuccia struthiopteris

Oval Sedge Carex ovalis

Oxeye Daisy Leucanthemum vulgare

Oxford Ragwort Senecio squalidus

Pagoda Tree Sophora japonica

Pale Willowherb Epilobium roseum

Parrot's-feather Myriophyllum aquaticum

Passion Flower Passiflora caerulea

Pear Pyrus communis

Pedunculate Oak Quercus robur

Pellitory-of-the-wall Parietaria judaica

Pendulous Sedge Carex pendula

Perenial Wall-rocket Diplotaxis tenuifolia

Perennial Cornflower Centaurea montana

Perennial Nipplewort Lapsana communis ssp intermedia

Perennial Rye-grass Lolium perenne

Perennial Sow-thistle Sonchus arvensis

Perfoliate Alexanders Smyrnium perfoliatum

Perforate St John's-wort Hypericum perforatum

Persian Ivy Hedera colchica

Persicaria x intercedens (hydropiper x maculosa)

Petty Spurge Euphorbia peplus

Pignut Conopodium majus

Pill Sedge Carex pilulifera

Pin Oak Quercus palustris

Pineappleweed Matricaria discoidea

Pink Purslane Claytonia sibirica

Pink Water-Speedwell Veronica catenata

Pink-sorrel Oxalis articulata

Polypody Polypodium vulgare agg.

Poplar Populus sp

Portugese Laurel Prunus lusitanica

Prickly Lettuce Lactuca serriola

Prickly Sedge Carex muricata ssp lamprocarpa

Prickly Sow-thistle Sonchus asper

Primrose Primula vulgaris

Procumbent Pearlwort Sagina procumbens

Procumbent Yellow-sorrel Oxalis corniculata

Purple Moor-grass Molinia caerulea

Purple Toadflax Linaria purpurea

Purple-loosestrife Lythrum salicaria

Pyramidal Orchid Anacamptis pyramidalis

Ragged-robin Lychnis flos-cuculi

Ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Ramsons Allium ursinum

Rape Brassica napus

Raspberry Rubus idaeus

Rat's-tail Fescue Vulpia myuros

Red Campion Silene dioica

Red Clover Trifolium pratense

Red Currant Ribes rubrum

Red Dead-nettle Lamium purpureum

Red Fescue Festuca rubra

Red Goosefoot Chenopodium rubrum

Red Oak Quercus rubra

Red-berried Elder Sambucus racemosa

Red-osier Dogwood Cornus sericea

Redshank Persicaria maculosa

Reed Sweet-grass Glyceria maxima

Remote Sedge Carex remota

Rhododendron Rhododendron ponticum

Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata

Rigid Hornwort Ceratophyllum demersum

(Rose) Rosa sp

Rosebay Willowherb Chamerion angustifolium

Rough Hawkbit Leontodon hispidus

Rough Hawk's-beard Crepis biennis

Rough Meadow-grass Poa trivialis

Rowan Sorbus aucuparia

Royal Fern Osmunda regalis

Russian Comfrey Symphytum x uplandicum

Russian-vine Fallopia baldschuanica

Salad Burnet Sanguisorba minor (inc. ssp muricata)

Salmonberry Rubus spectabilis

Sanicle Sanicula europaea

Scaly Male-fern Dryopteris affinis

Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis ssp arvensis

Scentless Mayweed Tripleurospermum inodorum

Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris

Selfheal Prunella vulgaris

Sessile Oak Quercus petraea

Shaggy-soldier Galinsoga quadriradiata

Sharp-flowered Rush Juncus acutiflorus

Shasta Daisy Leucanthemum x superbum

Sheep's Sorrel Rumex acetosella

Sheep's-fescue Festuca ovina

Shepherd's-purse Capsella bursa-pastoris

Short-fruited Willowherb Epilobium obscurum

Siberian Iris Iris siberica

Siberian Squill Scilla siberica

Silver Birch Betula pendula

Silver Maple Acer saccharinum

Silverweed Potentilla anserina

Skullcap Scutellaria galericulata

Slender Parsley-piert Aphanes australis

Slender Rush Juncus tenuis

Slender Speedwell Veronica filiformis

Slender St John's Wort Hypericum pulchrum

Slender Trefoil Trifolium micranthum

Small Balsam Impatiens parviflora

Small Yellow-sedge Carex viridula ssp. viridula

Smaller Cat's-tail Phleum bertolonii

Small-flowered Crane's-bill Geranium pusillum

Small-leaved Elm Ulmus minor

Small-leaved Lime Tilia cordata

Smooth Hawk's-beard Crepis capillaris

Smooth Meadow-grass Poa pratensis

Smooth Sow-thistle Sonchus oleraceus

Smooth Tare Vicia tetrasperma

Snowberry Symphoricarpos albus

Snowdrop Galanthus nivalis

Snow-in-Summer Cerastium tomentosum

Soft Lady's-mantle Alchemilla mollis

Soft Rush Juncus effusus

Soft Shield-fern Polystichum setiferum

Soft-brome Bromus hordeaceus

Solomon's-seal Polygonatum multiflorum

Sowbread Cyclamen hederifolium

Spanish Bluebell Hyacinthoides hispanica

Spear Thistle Cirsium vulgare

Spear-leaved Orache Atriplex prostrata

Spindle Euonymus europaeus

Spotted Dead-nettle Lamium maculatum

Spotted Medick Medicago arabica

Spotted-laurel Aucuba japonica

Spring Sowbread Cyclamen sp

Spring Starflower Tristagma uniflorum

Springbeauty Claytonia perfoliata

Square-stalked St John's-wort Hypericum tetrapterum

Square-stalked Willowherb Epilobium tetragonum

Stag's-horn Sumach Rhus typhina

Sticky Groundsel Senecio viscosus

Sticky Mouse-ear Cerastium glomeratum

Stinking Hellebore Helleborus foetidus

Stinking Iris Iris foetidissima

Sunflower Helianthus annuus

Swamp Cypress Taxodium distichum

Swedish Whitebeam Sorbus intermedia

Sweet Chestnut Castanea sativa

Sweet Vernal-grass Anthoxanthum odoratum

Sweet Violet Viola odorata

Sweet-briar Rosa rubiginosa

Sweet-flag Acorus calamus

Swine-cress Coronopus squamatus

Sycamore Acer pseudoplatanus

Tall Fescue Festuca arundinacea

Tansy Tanacetum vulgare

Thale Cress Arabidopsis thaliana

Thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus

Thorn-apple Datura stramonium

Three-cornered Garlic Allium triquetrum

Three-nerved Sandwort Moehringia trinervia

Thyme-leaved Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia

Timothy Phleum pratense

Toad Rush Juncus bufonius

Tomato Lycopersicon esculentum

Tormentil Potentilla erecta

Trailing Bellflower Campanula poscharskyana

Trailing St John's Wort Hypericum humifusum

Traveller's Joy Clematis vitalba

Tree-of-Heaven Ailanthus altissima

Trifid Bur-marigold Bidens tripartita

Tuberous Comfrey Symphytum tuberosum

Tufted Hair-grass Deschampsia cespitosa

Tufted Vetch Vicia cracca

Tulip-tree Liriodendron tulipifera

Turkey Oak Quercus cerris

Tutsan Hypericum androsaemum

Two-rowed Barley Hordeum distichon

Upright Hedge-parsley Torilis japonica

Violet Cress Ionopsidium acaule

Virginia-creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Wall Barley Hordeum murinum

Wall Lettuce Mycelis muralis

Wall Speedwell Veronica arvensis

Wall-rue Asplenium ruta-muraria

Water Chickweed Myosoton aquaticum

Water Dock Rumex hydrolapathum

Water Fern Azolla filiculoides

Water Figwort Scrophularia auriculata

Water Forget-me-not Myosotis scorpioides

Water Horsetail Equisetum fluviatile

Water Mint Mentha aquatica

Water-cress Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum

Water-pepper Persicaria hydropiper

Water-plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica

Wavy Bitter-cress Cardamine flexuosa

Wavy Hair-grass Deschampsia flexuosa

Wayfaring-tree Viburnum lantana

Weeping Willow Salix x sepulcralis (alba x babylonica)

Weld Reseda luteola

Wellingtonia Sequoiadendron giganteum

Welsh Poppy Meconopsis cambrica

Welted Thistle Carduus crispus

Western Yellow-pine Pinus ponderosa

Weymouth Pine Pinus strobus

White Bryony Bryonia dioica

White Campion Silene latifolia

White Clover Trifolium repens

White Comfrey Symphytum orientale

White Dead-nettle Lamium album

White Pigweed Amaranthus albus

White Poplar Populus alba

White Water-lily Nymphaea alba

White Willow Salix alba

White-stemmed Bramble Rubus cockburnianus

Wild Angelica Angelica sylvestris

Wild Cherry Prunus avium

Wild Onion (Crow Garlic) Allium vineale

Wild Plum Prunus domestica (inc. ssp institia)

Wild Privet Ligustrm vulgare (perhaps all L. ovalifolium)

Wild Radish Raphanus raphanistrum

Wild Service-tree Sorbus torminalis

Wild Strawberry Fragaria vesca (perhaps all F. x ananassa)

Wild Teasel Dipsacus fullonum

Wild-oat Avena fatua

Willow Salix sp

Wilson's Honeysuckle Lonicera nitida

Winter Heliotrope Petasites fragrans

Winter-cress Barbarea vulgaris

Wood Anemone Anemone nemorosa

Wood Avens Herb-Bennet Geum urbanum

Wood Club-rush Scirpus sylvaticus

Wood Dock Rumex sanguineus

Wood Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica

Wood Meadow-grass Poa nemoralis

Wood Millet Milium effusum

Wood Sage Teucrium scorodonia

Wood Speedwell Veronica montana

Wood Spurge Euphorbia amygdaloides ssp robbiae

Woodruff Galium odoratum

Wych Elm Ulmus glabra

Yarrow Achillea millefolium

Yellow Archangel Lamiastrum galeobdolon ssp argentatum

Yellow Buckeye Aesculus flava

Yellow Corydalis Pseudofumaria lutea

Yellow Iris Iris pseudacorus

Yellow Oat-grass Trisetum flavescens

Yellow Water-lily Nuphar lutea

Yellow-flowered Strawberry Duchesnea indica

Yellow-rattle Rhinanthus minor

Yew Taxus baccata

Yorkshire-fog Holcus lanatus

Zigzag Clover Trifolium medium

 

A-Z English to Latin...To see details and pictures, use the scroll to the left to find the LATIN name for the plant you wish to see, note that name and then look it up on the appropriately indexed page and CLICK on the English name in the table at the bottom of the page.

(C-D Latin Index) Click on an English flower name to see the species photograph

ENGLISH NAME

LATIN NAME

OCCURENCES

NOTES

Common Water Starwort

Callitriche stagnatis

Frequent on wet mud as well as ponds

Heather

Calluna vulgaris

12

Native. First records: J. Gerard (1597), T. Johnson (1632). The native population declined until in 1942, the single plant that had survived since 1927 succumbed (Kent, 1975). The present plants are recent re-introductions; they are regenerating naturally.

Marsh-marigold

Caltha palustris

7

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1629). "Ken Wood pastures, abundant" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869). The plants on Sandy Heath, where the species was last seen in 1904 (Kent, 1975), and possibly the others, are re-introductions.

Hedge Bindweed

Calystegia sepium

20

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1632).

Large Bindweed

Calystegia silvatica

23

Naturalised garden escape.

Adria Bellflower

Campanula portenschlagiana

1

A twentieth century garden escape, widely naturalised across London; flowers are longer than wide.

Trailing Bellflower

Campanula poscharskyana

3

A twentieth century garden escape, widely naturalised across London; flowers are wider than long.

Harebell

Campanula rotundifolia

2

Native. "North Heath, Hampstead" and "South Heath, Hampstead" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869); also de Cespigny (1877). Seen at Ken Wood and the Heath Extension by R.S.R. Fitter (Kent, 1975).

Nettle-leaved Bellflower

Campanula trachelium

5

Native, but usually on calcareous soils; plants here originated as garden escapes. First record: R. S. R. Fitter, in 1945 (Kent & Lousley, 1951-57).

Hemp

Cannabis sativa

1

A (short-lived, if harvested) introduction, perhaps from bird-seed

Shepherd's-purse

Capsella bursa-pastoris

33

Native

Wavy Bitter-cress

Cardamine flexuosa

52

Native. First record: J. Newton (ca 1680) in a "ditch bet[ween] Cane [Ken] Wood and the close newly stubbed up" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869).

Hairy Bitter-cress

Cardamine hirsuta

4

Native

Cuckooflower

Cardamine pratensis

14

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1629). More than one (sub)species may be present. Also known as Lady's Smock Found in damp flushes around March

Welted Thistle  

Carduus crispus

8

Native

Grey Sedge

Carex divulsa

3

Native. There appear to be no historic records of this sedge (which is ssp. divulsa) from the Heath.

Hairy Sedge

Carex hirta

27

Native. First record: A. Irvine, about 1830. "South Heath, Hampstead" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869).

Prickly Sedge

Carex muricata ssp lamprocarpa

2

Native. Recorded from "dry parts of woods about Hampstead and Highgate" by E. Forster, in 1789 (Trimen & Dyer, 1869), though Kent (1975) regarded this and other historic records as uncertain.

Common Sedge

Carex nigra

2

Native. First record: A. Irvine, about 1830. "South Heath, Hampstead" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869). Despite its English name it has never been abundant on the Heath.

Oval Sedge

Carex ovalis

23

Native. "South Heath, Hampstead, 1866" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869); "Plenty about the bog on Hampstead Heath (de Crespigny, 1877).

Pendulous Sedge

Carex pendula

51

Native. First record: J. Petiver (1695). Some recent records may be of ornamental plantings.

Pill Sedge

Carex pilulifera

3

Native. First (and first British) record: Doody, about 1688. Seen by Trimen & Dyer (1869) and de Crespigny (1877).

Remote Sedge

Carex remota

22

Native. Common, and shade-tolerant.

Small Yellow-sedge

Carex viridula ssp. viridula

1

Native. First record: A. Irvine, about 1830, West Heath; also Trimen, 1866. The modern record, which requires confirmation, is also from West Heath where Kent (1975) could not find it.

Hornbeam

Carpinus betulus

52

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1629).

Sweet Chestnut

Castanea sativa

33

A Roman introduction, widely planted; the numerous scattered records suggest a high degree of natural regeneration on the Heath.

Indian Bean Tree

Catalpa bignonioides

1

Introduced (N. America), planted

Deodar

Cedrus deodara

2

Introduced (C. Asia), planted.

Perennial Cornflower

Centaurea montana

2

A very persistent garden escape.

Common Knapweed

Centaurea nigra

35

Native. "Lower Heath, Hampstead" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869). Probably all records are of ssp. nigra though ssp. nemoralis could occur on the lighter soils of Sandy Heath.

Common Centaury

Centaurium erythraea

2

Native. First record: J. Newton, about 1680 - "in many places about Hampstead Heath" (not now!); also J. Bliss, about 1810 - "west side of Hampstead Heath, near the Vale of Health" (Park, 1818).

Common Mouse-ear

Cerastium fontanum

55

Native. Frequent throughout.

Sticky Mouse-ear

16

Native. First record: C. Merrett (1666).

Snow-in-Summer

Cerastium tomentosum

1

Garden escape.

California Brome

Ceratochloa carinata

18

Alien (California). An established escape from Kew Gardens that has spread rapidly since 1945.

Rigid Hornwort

Ceratophyllum demersum

1

Native

Lawson's Cypress

Chamaecyparis lawsoniana

1

Alien (N. America). A garden escape that fortunately rarely regenerates.

Rosebay Willowherb

Chamerion angustifolium

147

The form widespread in the lowlands of Britain may be distinct from the much less common native upland species. First record: J. Hill (1760), in "Cane [Ken] Wood, Hampstead". According to Whiting (1912) it was absent from the Heath itself before about 1880.

Greater Celandine

Chelidonium majus

5

Ancient introduction. First record: G.T. Burnett, about 1830. Then, as now, near houses.

Fat-hen

Chenopodium album

9

Native. "South Heath, Hampstead" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869). A variable species once treated more broadly.

Many-seeded Goosefoot

Chenopodium polyspermum

8

Ancient introduction, previously regarded as native. First record: J.T.B. Syme (1850).

Red Goosefoot

1

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1632).

Enchanter's Nightshade

Circaea lutetiana

91

Native. First record: J. Blackstone, 1737. The few pre-nineteenth century records contrast with its present abundance.

Chicory

Cichorium intybus

1

Possibly native but may have been introduced as a crop. First record: C.L. Morley, about 1678.

Creeping Thistle

Cirsium arvense

211

Native. An almost ineradicable weed.

Marsh Thistle

Cirsium palustre

4

Native. "South Heath, Hampstead" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869); de Crespigny (1877).

Spear Thistle

Cirsium vulgare

87

Native. A persistent weed.

Springbeauty

Claytonia perfoliata

1

Alien (N. America), naturalised since the 1930s. First records: H.C. Harris (Heath Extension) and D.H. Kent (West Heath), 1949 (Kent & Lousley, 1951).

Pink Purslane

Claytonia sibirica

9

Alien (N. America), naturalised since the 1930s. First record: H.C. Harris (North-West Heath and Heath Extension), 1947 (Kent & Lousley, 1951).

Traveller's Joy

Clematis vitalba

1

Native but perhaps introduced, and not persistent, on the Heath.

Meadow Saffron

Colchicum autumnale

1

Not native in Middlesex. A relic of cultivation.

Bladder-senna

Colutea arborescens

1

Alien (Mediterranean). Easily naturalised.

Hemlock

Conium maculatum

9

Ancient introduction. No early records for the Heath.

Pignut

Conopodium majus

61

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1632); J. Gerard's "field adjoining to High-gate" (1597) is nearby. Close relative of the carrot. Enjoys border of sand and clay. In May can be seen in Cohens Field, South Meadow and parts of The Extension.

Lily-of-the-valley

Convallaria majalis

8

Native. First records: J. Gerard (1597); T. Johnson (1629). "Plentiful" at an old site in Ken Wood in 1973 (Kent, 1975) but recent records are of re-introductions.

Field Bindweed

Convolvulus arvensis

6

Native

Canadian Fleabane

Conyza canadensis

8

Alien (N. America), introduced about 1690. Now widely naturalised; Trimen & Dyer (1869) had no records from the Heath.

Guernsey Fleabane

Conyza sumatrensis

25

Alien (S. America). First recorded in Britain in 1974 and on the Heath about 1989 (Burton, 1995); still expanding its range.

Cornelian Cherry

Cornus mas

1

A garden ornamental (W. Asia), probably planted.

Dogwood

Cornus sanguinea

16

Native. "South Heath, Hampstead" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869).

Red-osier Dogwood

Cornus sericea

1

Alien (N. America). Widely planted, and sometimes naturalised; this may be a planted specimen.

Lesser Swine-cress

Coronopus didymus

4

Alien (?S. America). Seen by H.C. Harris on East Heath about 1949, and gradually increasing.

Swine-cress

Coronopus squamatus

4

Ancient introduction. Inconspicious, and perhaps commoner than the few records suggest.

Hazel

Corylus avellana

93

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1632). There are concerns that squirrels eating the nuts may affect regeneration. Flowering in January.

Cotoneaster

Cotoneaster sp

2

.Alien. Probably bird-sown.

New Zealand Pigmyweed

Crassula helmsii

2

Alien (Australasia). An invasive waterweed, first recorded in the London area in 1956.

Midland Hawthorn

Crataegus laevigata

34

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1632), not there distinguished from C. monogyna.

Hawthorn

Crataegus monogyna

187

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1632), not there distinguished from C. laevigata. "Very old thorns … on Hampstead North Heath" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869).

Broad-leaved Cockspurthorn

Crataegus persimilis

3

Alien (N. America). Probably planted, or grafted to native hawthorn stock.

Hybrid Hawthorn

Crataegus x media (macrocarpa)

2

Native

Rough Hawk's-beard

Crepis biennis

1

Native, but only on chalky soil. Presumably introduced here.

Smooth Hawk's-beard

Crepis capillaris

27

Native. First record: A. Irvine, about 1830.

Beaked Hawk's-beard

Crepis vesicaria

8

Alien (S.W. Asia). First (Middlesex) record  1866, now common in S. England.

Montbretia

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora

18

A persisting garden escape, sometimes naturalised.

Autumn Crocus

Crocus nudiflorus

1

Garden escape, perhaps naturalised.

 

Crocus sp

8

Garden escape.

Early Crocus

Crocus tommasinianus

10

Garden escape, perhaps naturalised.

Leyland Cypress

x Cupressocyparis leylandii

5

Planted, where it should not be.

Sowbread

Cyclamen hederifolium

1

Alien (S. Europe). Occasionally naturalised.

Spring Sowbread

Cyclamen sp

2

Garden escape.

Ivy-leaved Toadflax

Cymbalaria muralis

7

Alien (S. Europe), naturalised since the seventeenth century. First record: A. Irvine, about 1830,

Crested Dog's-tail

Cynosurus cristatus

21

Native. Has been common in London since the time of L'Obel, about 1576.

Broom

Cytisus scoparius

15

Native. "South Heath, Hampstead" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869).

Cock's Foot

Dactylis glomerata

210

Native, and abundant throughout.

Common Spotted-orchid

Dactylorhiza fuchsii

4

Native. First record: J. Gerard (1597), "Hampstead Wood"; Palma Christi, Serapias foemina pratensis of T. Johnson (1632) may be this plant.

Heath-grass

Danthonia decumbens

9

Native. First record: J. Morris (1850); also "South Heath, Hampstead (Trimen & Dyer, 1869).

Thorn-apple

Datura stramonium

1

An alien casual, erratic and rarely persisting.

Carrot

Daucus carota

31

Native. There are few early records; Kent (1975) cites H.C. Harris, East Heath, about 1950. To distinguish with certainty ssp. carota (wild) from ssp. sativa (garden) the plant must be dug up; probably both ssp. are represented here.

Tufted Hair-grass

Deschampsia cespitosa

19

Native. "South Heath, Hampstead" (Trimen & Dyer, 1869).

Wavy Hair-grass

Deschampsia flexuosa

32

Native. First record: A. Irvine, about 1830.

Foxglove

Digitalis purpurea

61

Native. First record: T. Johnson (1629).

Perenial Wall-rocket

Diplotaxis tenuifolia

7

Ancient introduction. First record: T. Johnson (1632). Once very common in London, this species declined but is now increasing again.

Wild Teasel

Dipsacus fullonum

5

Native. First record: A. Irvine, about 1830.

Dragon Arum

Dracunculus vulgaris

1

Garden escape.

Scaly Male-fern

Dryopteris affinis

8

Native. This was poorly identified until recently. Both ssp. affinis and ssp. borreri are present.

Narrow Buckler-fern

Dryopteris carthusiana

4

Native. First record: W. Pamplin, about 1830.

Broad Buckler-fern

Dryopteris dilatata

91

Native. First record: A. Buddle, about 1705. The commonest fern on the Heath.

Male-fern

Dryopteris filix-mas

71

Native. First record: S. Doody, about 1705 (Ken Wood).

Yellow-flowered Strawberry

Duchesnea indica

3

Alien (S.E Asia). A persistent casual.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Back to content | Back to main menu